Respondent’s Guidebook

About appeals

At the conclusion of a proceeding in a lower court, such as the BC Supreme Court, the party who lost may want to have that decision reviewed by a higher court in the hope that it might be reversed or changed. In such cases, an “appeal” is made to the Court of Appeal, which is the highest court in BC.

The person who appeals the case is called the appellant. The person who responds to the appeal is the respondent.

The appellant will try to identify errors in what happened at the previous trial or hearing in an effort to  have that decision set aside or get a new trial or hearing. The appellant will do this by reproducing the information that was before the previous decision-maker so the Court of Appeal can consider it. The appellant does this by filing documents called appeal records, appeal books, transcripts and a factum.

This guidebook will explain what each of those documents is. It will also explain what steps you must take and documents you must file to participate in the appeal and respond to the appellant’s arguments.